Mt. Everest: The Highest Mountain On Earth
Mount Everest, Earth’s highest mountain (8,844.43 meters), is located in the international border between China and Nepal. As the dominant peak of the Himalayas, Mt.Everest is considered as ‘the Third Pole of the Earth ’. Covered with snow all year round, its glacier area has reached ten thousand kilometers.
Mt. Everest Height & Measurement
The 8,848 m height is officially approved by China and Nepal. In 1856, Everest was announced as 8,840 m high, then after years calculations, an Indian survey had update the new data of 8,848 m in 1955. The data was later reaffirmed of 8,848.13 by Chinese measurement in 1975.
On Oct. 9th, 2005, after numerous months of calculation and measurement, the Chinese National Bureau of Surveying and Mapping and Chinese Academy of Science authoritatively stated the height of Everest as 8,844.43 with accuracy of ±0.21 m. The height is based on the actual highest point of rock without ice and snow covering on it. The Chinese team also calculated the ice depth of 3.5 m, which correspond the elevation of 8,848 m.
Climbers & Troubles
Due to its special geographic location and features, Mount Everest attracts numerous mountaineers every year. There are two main routes: one is to the southeast summit from Nepal, the other is to the north summit from Tibet. For decades, Mt. Everest has been a challenging place, even for professional climbers. One of the concerns is the frequent occurrence of the high-speed winds while the other concerns include the altitude sickness caused by rare atmosphere pressure.
Visiting Everest Base Camp (EBC)
As climbing Mt.Everest requires a lot of money and time, so most travelers choose the base camp as the best sightseeing point to enjoy the beauty of this snow-covered mountain. The base camp is 8 km from Rongbuk Monastery, the highest monastery in the world.
1. Except the Tibet Tourism Bureau (TTB) Permit, Mt.Everest tour requires the Boarder Defense Permit and Alien’s Travel Permit.
2. Whether you can see the view of sunrise & sunset over Everest or not depends on the weather.
3. Be prepared of the hypoxia and low temperature caused by high altitude and DO remember to bring some warm clothes, medicines and oxygen equipment.
|Visa requirements||For foreign travelers visiting Tibet, you will need valid Chinese visa and all the necessary Tibet travel permits.|
|Languages||Tibetan, Mandarin, English|
|Currency||Chinese Yuan (CNY)|
|Country name||Tibet, China|